It’s a common misconception that all steel is the same, but this isn’t always the case. By definition, steel is an alloy metal made largely of iron and carbon with traces of other components. Because of its excellent tensile strength and affordable production costs, it is a common metal utilized by manufacturing businesses. But there are various kinds of steel, and each one has distinctive qualities. For instance, carbon steel is frequently chosen above other varieties of steel. What precisely is carbon steel, and is it the best option for your business needs?
Overview of Carbon Steel
In contrast to other varieties of steel, carbon steel is a specific kind of steel that, as its name suggests, has a higher carbon content. The majority of steel varieties have a carbon percentage that ranges from 0.05% to 0.3%. In contrast, carbon steel contains up to 2.5% carbon. Although 2.5 percent carbon may not seem like much, it brings with it a number of desirable advantages that are unique.
Carbon Steel Advantages
One advantage of adopting carbon steel over traditional steel is increased strength. Carbon strengthens iron or steel by circling the crystal lattice. Carbon steel is less likely to stress and break under pressure than other types of steel. Due to this, carbon steel is especially useful in applications where strength is required. For instance, Japanese swordmakers produced tamahagane steel, high-carbon steel, several centuries ago. Today, carbon steel is utilized to create a wide range of products, including tools, automobile parts, and building supplies.
Carbon Steel Disadvantages
However, there are significant drawbacks to using carbon steel instead of conventional steel. Carbon steel is challenging to work with because of its extreme strength. Its use is constrained in several applications because to its difficulty in being easily twisted and moulded into diverse shapes. In comparison to other types of steel, carbon steel is also more vulnerable to rust and corrosion. The amount of chromium added to steel to make it “stainless” is typically between 10% and 12%. Steel is shielded from moisture that may otherwise cause rusting thanks to the protective layer of chromium that covers the metal. However, because carbon steel lacks chromium, prolonged exposure to moisture can cause it to rust.
To sum up, carbon steel is a metal alloy made from iron and carbon. But unlike stainless steel and other types of steel, it has a high amount of carbon, usually between 2% and 2.5%.
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