Steel is a common material used to make many different types of products. Many people are generally familiar with carbon steel but are unaware of its alloy counterparts. In this article, I’ll be explaining the difference between the two, as well as their uses. 

Difference Between Carbon Steel and Alloy Steel

Alloy steel is stronger than carbon steel, but it can also be more difficult to weld. Carbon steel is lighter and easier to work with. Carbon Steel is used for alloys that are harder than pure metal, like malleable cast iron. Alloy Steel contains more carbon than pure steel, making it more resistant to wear and tear. Carbon steel is often used in applications where the need for high corrosion or oxidation resistance is important. Carbon Steel is an abundant, cheap, and plentiful metal. 

This means that it is easily processed through rolling or forging methods. Alloy Steel is an expensive, rare metal. These properties make carbon steel the ideal choice for the production of tools, dies, and various other products. Carbon Steel is a type of steel that’s made by heating iron in the presence of carbon. It is also known as wrought or cast steel because it can be made in different shapes depending on what process you use – either by forging, rolling, extruding, etc. Alloy Steel uses other metals to make it stronger or harder than Carbon Steel.

Types of carbon steel and alloy steel

Carbon steel is made by using molten cast iron or liquid steel, with carbon added in substantial percentages. Because the carbon content in the steel is so high, it has many of the same properties as high-grade tool steels with greater hardness and tensile strength than wrought iron. One of the most common forms of carbon steel is low alloy or plain carbon steel. They are not hardened with heat treatments like some other types of carbon steels. The difference between alloy steel and carbon steel is mainly based on the type of steel that is used. Carbon steel has a higher strength-to-weight ratio for a given weight. Alloy steel tends to have more options in terms of design, toughness, and wear resistance.

What is the difference between carbon steel and alloy steel?

The difference between carbon steel and alloy steel is that the former is made up of pure carbon while the latter has metals like nickel, chromium, manganese, or vanadium added during manufacturing. Carbon steel is cheaper because it’s easier to make. However, alloy steel is very strong., making it more dependable in terms of job-related usefulness. 

Carbon steel is harder and stronger than alloy steel. Carbon steel also contains higher levels of carbon. Carbon steel is a kind of alloy steel that contains carbon as the main ingredient and generates a lot of sparks and heat during the welding process. Alloy steel, on the other hand, is a sort of metal that consists mainly of iron and other elements like chromium, nickel, and manganese. The main difference between these two types of metals is that alloy steel doesn’t give off sparks or heat during the welding process because it’s manufactured with high amounts of nickel. 

Applications of carbon steel and alloy steel

Carbon steel is a type of steel alloy with a carbon content between 0.2% – 2% by weight. Alloy steel, on the other hand, contains a higher amount of alloying elements such as chromium and vanadium. Alloy metals are usually more resistant to corrosion and oxidation than pure elemental metals. The most common applications of carbon steel are in construction where it is used for building, mining, blasting, and general engineering. Alloy steel is typically used for power transmission equipment such as gears, pulleys, chains, shafts, connecting rods, and valves. 


Alloy steel utensils are shaped by melting the material, while carbon steel utensils are molded using a coiling process. For a stronger product, you should not use Carbon Steel. Carbon Steel is inferior to alloy steel because it is softer and doesn’t hold up as well. For carbon steel to hold up, it must be welded which can cause flaws in the product to melt down or meltdown into a liquid that makes it too hard to work with. 

Identifying steel is as simple as using the procedures listed above. If safety gear is required during the identification procedure, it is recommended to use it for the best outcomes. Newzel Industries is a supplier of stainless steel and carbon steel items and guarantee that their products pass a series of tests to ensure that they are pure and high-quality. For more updates, you can read our other blogs on our website and gain a deeper understanding of our products for your next business needs.